February 2018
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Cashew Nut

Botanical: Anacardium occidentale (LINN.)
Family: N.O. Anacardiaceae
—Synonym—Cassavium pomiferum.
—Part Used—Nut.
—Habitat—Jamaica, West Indies, and other parts of tropical America.

—Description—A medium-sized tree, beautiful, and not unlike in appearance the walnut tree, with oval blunt alternate leaves and scented rose-coloured panicles of bloom – the tree produces a fleshy receptacle, commonly called an apple, at the end of which the kidney-shaped nut is borne; the end of it which is attached to the apple, is much bigger than the other. The outer shell is ashy colour, very smooth, the kernel is covered with an inner shell, and between the two shells is found a thick inflammable caustic oil, which will raise blisters on the skin and be dangerously painful if the nuts are cracked with the teeth.
—Constituents—Two peculiar principles have been found: Anacardic Acid and a yellow oleaginous liquid Cardol.

—Medicinal Action and Uses—The oil must be used with great caution, but has been successfully applied to corns, warts, ringworms, cancerous ulcers and even elephantiasis, and has been used in beauty culture to remove the skin of the face in order to grow a new one. The nuts are eaten either fresh or roasted, and contain a milky juice which is used in puddings. The older nuts are roasted and salted and the dried and broken kernels are sometimes imported to mix with old Madeira as they greatly improve its flavour. In roasting great care must be taken not to let the fumes cover the face or hands etc., as they cause acute inflammation an external poisoning. Ground and mixed with cocoa the nuts make a good chocolate. The fruit is a reddy yellow and has a pleasant sub-acid stringent taste, the expressed juice of the fruit makes a good wine, and if distilled, a spirit much better than arrack or rum. The fruit itself is edible, and its juice has been found of service in uterine complaints and dropsy. It is a powerful diuretic. The black juice of the nut and the milky juice from the tree after incision are made into an indelible marking-ink- the stems of the flowers also give a milky juice which when dried is hard and black and is used as a varnish. A gum is also found in the plant having the same qualities as gumarabic; it is imported from South America under the name of Cadjii gum, and used by South American bookbinders, who wash their books with it to keep away moths and ants. The caustic oil found in the layers of the fruit is sometimes rubbed into the floors of houses in India to keep white ants away.

—Other Species—
The Oriental Anacardium or Cashew Nut (Semecarpus anacardium), a native of India, has similar qualities to the West Indian Cashew, and is said to contain an alkaloid called Chuchunine.

Ammonium anarcadate. This is the Ammonium compound of beta and delta resinous acids of A. occidentale (Cashew Nut), and is used as a hair-dye, but cannot be used with acids, acid salts, or acetate of lead.

White Shell Woman

Themes: Magick, overcoming, spirituality, freedom, hope, success,
protection, joy & dreams
Symbols: Eagle, rattle & white
About White Shell Woman: In Native American tradition, White Shell Woman
came to Earth bearing elemental blankets and the sunshine of protection,
dreams, and renewed hope. When she arrived a rainbow appeared, banishing
sadness with the promise of eventually reuniting humankind with the
gods. Today she renews this promise to us, whispering Her message on
March’s winds and bearing it on the wings of an eagle.
To Do Today: Sometime in Spring, the Pueblos of New Mexico hold an Eagle
Dance to bring rain and ensure the tribe’s success in difficult
situations. The mimelike movements of the dance unite the dancers with
the Eagle spirit, connecting them with the sacred powers. To adapt this
in your own life, grab a feather duster and dance a little of White
Shell Woman’s hope into your heart while you clean up the house!
If you have young children in your life, work with them on a Shell Woman
anti-nightmare blanket or happiness charm. Take four strips of cloth in
elemental colours, or seven in the colours of the rainbow. Sew them
together to form a blanket or portable swatch. Bless the charm, saying,
“Love and joy within each seam brings me only happy dreams;
Shell Woman, shine through the night; keep me safe till down’s first

from 365 Goddess – A Daily Guide of the Magick and Inspiration of the
by Patricia Telesco

Goddess Meditation  
On Hildar Hill the goddess sat.
Poets someday will say that
light itself paled beside Her,
casting shadows on the wall.
On Hildar Hill the goddess sat,
radiance streaming from Her.
Poets someday will say that
looking at Her was like staring at fire.
On Hildar Hill the goddess sat,
combing out Her fine hair.
Poets someday will say that
it was as fine-spun silk
and shone like gold.
~ Song from the Faroe Islands
As the Sun grows in strength at this time of year, we become more and
more aware of the world around us. Winter is a time of retreat. Even
though our electric lights open possibilities never dreamed of by
earlier people, we still find ourselves slowly withdrawing in Winter. We
may become less active; we may see people less frequently; we may engage
in quieter pastimes. But then, as light returns, we wake up to the world
around us.
And again, we see its beauty. Even before the plants begin their annual
cycle of budding and blooming, we see the sky opening up to the
sunlight. White clouds scud across the blue, or wispy ones decorate the
sky’s dome. Light dazzles us with its golden radiance. Absorbed in the
world’s beauty, we move together toward the dawning springtime.

from The Goddess Companion – Daily Meditations on the Feminine Spirit
by Patricia Monaghan


1/4 oz. Bayberry herb
1/2 oz. powdered Sandalwood
1 oz. Frankincense
1/4 oz. Anise seed
1/4 oz. powdered Myrrh
1/4 tsp. Saltpeter
1 dram Gardenia oil
2 drams tincture of Benzoin

Cassia (Cinnamon)

Botanical: Cinnamomum cassia (BLUME)
Family: N.O. Lauraceae
—Synonyms—Bastard Cinnamon. Chinese Cinnamon. Cassia lignea. Cassia Bark. Cassia aromaticum. Canton Cassia.
—Part Used—The dried bark.
—Habitat—Indigenous to China. Cochin-China and Annam. Also cultivated in Sumatra, Ceylon, Japan, Java, Mexico and South America.

—Description—As its name of Bastard Cinnamon implies, the product of this tree is usually regarded as a substitute for that of the Cinnarmomum zeylanicum of Ceylon, which it closely resembles. The cultivated trees are kept as coppices, and numerous shoots, which are not allowed to rise higher than 10 feet, spring from the roots. Their appearance when the flame-coloured leaves and delicate blossoms first appear is very beautiful. The fruit is about the size of a small olive. The leaves are evergreen, ovaloblong blades from 5 to 9 inches long. The trees are at their greatest perfection at the age of ten to twelve years, but they continue to spread and send up new shoots. The bark may be easily distinguished from that of cinnamon, as it is thicker, coarser, darker, and duller, the flavour being more pungent, less sweet and delicate, and slightly bitter. The stronger flavour causes it to be preferred to cinnamon by German and Roman chocolate makers. The fracture is short, and the quills are single, while pieces of the corky layer are often left adhering. The best and most pungent bark is cut from the young shoots when the leaves are red, or from trees which grow in rocky situations. The bark should separate easily from the wood, and be covered inside with a mucilaginous juice though the flavour of the spice is spoiled if this is not carefully removed. The wood without the bark is odourless and is used as fuel. When clean, the bark is a little thicker than parchment, and curls up while drying in the sun. It is imported in bundles of about 12 inches long, tied together with strips of bamboo and weighing about a pound. It is the kind almost universally kept in American shops.
The dried, unripe fruits, or Chinese Cassia Buds, have the odour and taste of the bark, and are rather like small cloves in appearance. They have been known in Europe as a spice since the Middle Ages, being then probably used in preparing a spiced wine called Hippocras. Now they are employed in confectionery and in making Pot-Pourri. The importation of the buds into the U.S.A. in 1916 was 197,156 lb., and of Cassia and Cassia leaves 7,487,156 lb.

—Constituents—Cassia bark yields from 1 to 2 per cent of volatile oil, somewhat resembling that of cinnamon. It should be kept from the light in well-stoppered, ambercoloured bottles. It is cheaper and more abundant than the Ceylon variety, and is the only official oil of Cinnamon in the United States Pharmacopoeia and German Pharmacopoeia. It is imported from Canton and Singapore. Its value depends on the percentage of cinnamic aldehyde which it contains. It is heavier, less liquid, and congeals more quickly than the Ceylon oil.

There are also found in it cinnamyl acetate, cinnamic acid, phenylpropyl acetate and orthocumaric aldehyde, tannic acid and starch.

Ceylon cinnamon, if tested with one or two drops of tincture of iodine to a fluid ounce of a decoction of the powder, is but little affected, while with Cassia a deep blueblack colour is produced. The cheaper kinds of Cassia can be distinguished by the greater quantity of mucilage, which can be extracted by cold water.

Eighty pounds of the freshly-prepared bark yield about 2.5 oz. of the lighter of the two oils produced, and 5 5 of the heavier.

An oil was formerly obtained by distilling the leaves after maceration in sea water, and this was imported into Great Britain.

—Medicinal Action and Uses—Stomachic, carminative, mildly astringent, said to be emmenagogue and capable of decreasing the secretion of milk. The tincture is useful in uterine haemorrhage and menorrhagia, the doses of 1 drachm being given every 5, 10 or 20 minutes as required. It is chiefly used to assist and flavour other drugs, being helpful in diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, and to relieve flatulence.

The oil is a powerful germicide, but being very irritant is rarely used in medicine for this purpose. It is a strong local stimulant, sometimes prescribed in gastro-dynia, flatulent colic, and gastric debility.

—Dosages—Of oil, 1 to 3 minims. Of powder, 10 to 20 grains.

—Poisons and Antidotes—It was found that 6 drachms of the oil would kill a moderately sized dog in five hours, and 2 drachms in forty hours, inflammation of the gastro-intestinal mucous membrane being observed.

—Other Species, Substitutes and Adulterations—The powder cinnamon is often adulterated with sugar, ground walnut shells, galanga rhizome, etc.

The oil sometimes contains resin, petroleum, or oil of Cloves. Saigon cinnamon was recognized by the United States Pharmacopoeia in 1890. It comes from French Cochin-China, its botanical origin being uncertain. It is also known as Annam Cinnamon, China Cinnamon, and God’s Cinnamon.

C. inners gives the Wild Cinnamon of Japan. It is also found in Southern India, where the buds are more mature, and are employed medicinally by the Indians in dysentery, diarrhcea and coughs. The bark is used as a condiment.

C. lignea includes several inferior varieties from the Malabar Coast.

C. Sintok comes from Java and Sumatra.

C. obtusifolium, from East Bengal, Assam, Burmah, etc., is perhaps not distinct from C. Zeylanicum.

C. Culilawan and C. rubrum come from the Moluccas, Amboyna, and have a flavour of cloves.

C. Loureirii grows in Cochin-China and Japan.

C. pauciflorum is found from Silhet and Khasya.

C. Burmanni is said to yield Massoi Bark, which is also a product of Massora aromatica.

The bark of C. Tamala as well as the above species gives the inferior Cassia Vera.

C. inserta is slightly known.

C. nitidum has aromatic leaves, which, when dried, are said to have been the ‘folia Malabathri.’

Martinique and Cayenne contribute three varieties, from trees introduced from Ceylon and Sumatra. Other kinds are known as Black Cinnamon, Isle of France Cinnamon, and Santa Fé Cinnamon.

Oil of Cassia is now recognized in the United States Pharmacopceia under the name of oil of Cinnamon.


Theme: Foresight, history, perspective, divination, time.
Symbols: Stories or storybooks.
About Voluspa: An old festival in Iceland known as the Isledingadagurinn
preserves Voluspa’s energy by recounting local heritage and custom in
public forum including theater, singing, writing and costumes.

For our adaptation, I suggest taking out or working on a family tree or
perhaps a personal journal. Read over the chronicles of people from your
ethnic background and honour their lives in some appropriate manner (
perhaps by lighting a candle ). Voluspa lives in these moments and at
any time that we give ourselves to
commemorating the past.
Alternatively, get out some good storybooks and read! Turn off the TV
for a while and enrich your imagination with the words of the bards who
keep Voluspa’s power alive in the world. Especially read to children, so
they can learn of this Goddess of Wonders.
from 365 Goddess – A Daily Guide of the Magick and Inspiration of the
by Patricia Telesco

Goddess Meditation

The summer clouds are beautiful,
yes they are. Yes, they are.
The summer clouds are like flowers,
yes they are. Yes, they are.
The clouds blossom in the sky,
yes they do. Yes, they do.
The blossoming clouds are coming here,
yes they are. Yes, they are.
~  Zuni “Song of the Blue Corn Dance”
Summer is, indeed, a beautiful season. Yet it is also a busy one.
Vacations, social engagements, outdoor concerts, and the usual press of
work and laundry and errands and …
Summer whirls by. It is July already, when May seems to have been
yesterday. How can we enjoy our lives when they are led at such a pace?
What will you remember of this summer? If you are too tired to watch a
firefly on a sultry night, too busy to notice that a favorite flower has
bloomed, too much in transit to enjoy conversation with a friend what
will you have to hold, to treasure, in winters to come?

For we cannot savor what we rush through. Let some things slide this
summer. Don’t worry about them.
You will never remember if you did the laundry and you will never forget
the fragrance of new roses.

from The Goddess Companion – Daily Meditations on the Feminine Spirit
by Patricia Monaghan

Citrus Scented Bath

3 Tbs Sea Salt
2 tsp baking soda
1 Tbs Borax
9 drops Tangerine oil
7 drops Lavender oil
2 drops Chamomile oil
Blend all ingredients and oils together, then and add to bath water.
~ from the archives of The Enchanted Garden

Strawberry Salsa

2 tablespoons oil
2 tablespoons lime juice
2 tablespoons red wine vinegar
2 tablespoons fresh chopped mint leaves
2-3 tablespoons fresh chopped cilantro
1 jalapeno pepper, seeded and minced
1/4 tsp. salt
1 pint strawberries, hulled and chopped
1/4 cup diced pineapple
1/2 cup chopped sweet onion

Combine oil, lime juice, vinegar, mint, cilantro, jalapeno, pepper and salt in medium bowl. Toss in strawberries, pineapple and onion. Serve over grilled chicken or pork. Makes 2 1/2 cups.

31 Days of Living Well & Spending Zero Week 1 Review

I wanted to discuss this week a wonderful group I found on Facebook. It is not magick in nature but it does deal a lot with living within our means living well and spending less.

FaceBook Group

The group is an offshoot of a 31 day challenge to spend nothing for a month except to pay bills and for buying food. The challenge is here for those interested.

31 Days of Living Well & Spending Less

A lot of us in the group have either entered the month late or wanted to do better in February gave it another go.

Some of the challenges are easy some are emotionally and physically draining.

I wanted to share some ideas I have found the group that has made quite a difference in my life.

This also really ties in to the 100 days of real food challenge I did not complete. I fell of the real food wagon. 🙁

The first challenge for me was to organize my kitchen. I have a 100 year old house that has odd cabinets and basically no storage space in the kitchen food is mix among plates and spread out on all sides of the kitchen. My son and I sat down and took everything out of the cabinets, the refrigerator, and the freezer. We organized similar items, checked expiration dates, and wrote down a new inventory.

I download the android app “Out of Milk” for keeping track of my new inventory list.

I realized I had an ice monster growing in my freezer, which explains why the ice machine has not been working and the refrigerator sometimes leaks water all over the floor. We had to chisel the bottom drawer with a hammer. It was bad.


I realized that I had eight boxes of chicken Alfred, and four of the same spices.

I also found three Wal-Mart bags full of expired mixes, especially baking goods. We just never make sweets around here. I also mean really expired like by SEVEN years!!

I did not take before photos because it was super bad.

However, here is my new organized kitchen.

 20140204_172559 20140204_165413

I sat down and wrote up a weekly meal plan including two snacks and trying to use items we already had in pantry.

Here I also learned to create piggyback meals. Using food from one meal and turning leftovers into great second meals, not just reheating. On my house all leftovers go to the dog, otherwise it will sit in my fridge for days before it goes bad,

For example, one day I made Crockpot salsa chicken. (All recipes are listed at the bottom.) I took two breasts and a jar of salsa and put them in the crock-pot during breakfast time, on low added some lemon juice and cumin. Around 5 pm it was ready I quickly shredded the chicken and made chicken tacos for dinner. I added lettuce, cheese, onions, tomatoes, cilantro, sour cream, and homemade ranch.

I placed the leftovers in a zip lock bag. The next afternoon I used the salsa chicken wrapped them in a tortilla shell with cheese and baked them at 245 degrees for 5 minutes. I then whipped up a quick garlic cheese sauce to put on top. A good lunch and I could not tell it was leftovers.

We went to the grocery store and acutely bought items that was on the list instead of just grabbing stuff and spending twice as much as I had planned.

So far, we have eaten the meals and snacks I have planned out, we missed a few due to time constraints I did not plan beforehand.

Here is my weekly meal planner.

  Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday Monday Tuesday
Breakfast 3 eggs, tortillas, Arby’s sauce & apple sauce Kasi Go Lean Cereal W/ Blueberries & Strawberries Homemade Granola Cereal, w/ Peaches Bacon, eggs, & hash browns Banana pancakes, bacon and sausage Eggs, tortillas, and Arby’s sauce Kasi Go Lean Cereal w/ Banana
Lunch Grilled cheese sandwich w/ peaches pasta salad & toast Salsa chicken baked with cheese and garlic cheese dip cheddar brats and fries Mac n cheese Hamburgers Loaded baked potatoes
Snack Colby Slices, wheat thins, and apple slices pineapples and peaches hummus dip w/ crackers blueberry muffins popcorn apple cinnamon muffins yogurt parfait
dinner Chicken fettuccine alfredo, garlic bread and salsa Crockpot chicken salsa Sirloin tips stir fry and rice Beef tacos with corn hamburger helper w/ carrots creamy garlic chicken and garlic bread BBQ Crockpot chicken
Snack strawberry muffins goldfish and peanut butter peach sorbet yogurt parfait string cheese hummus crackers and a tangerine BBQ Chicken
First week of Febuary Meal Planner download me! (408)


I found a wonderful resource called Zaycon Foods. Here They sell large items of food in bulk chicken, turkey, bacon, sausage, and some fruits. You have to check the website for where a drop off point is near you what food they are selling this month and then order before the cutoff date. I purchased the 40 pounds of boneless skinless chicken. I have a tiny freezer so 40 pounds was not possible. So instead I went in with three other friends, I went ahead and purchased it with my credit card, and they just paid me their $19. The chicken is already divided into four ten pound bags so I just had to pick up the chicken and drop it off at each of my friends’ houses. So far these are good quality meat, the breast are huge and look wonderful I did not come across one bad looking piece. I will hopefully be ordering again with friends in another month. For forty pounds of chicken, it was $75.59.  Which ends up making the chicken $1.88 a pound.  I just ran to HyVee our local grocery store before my Zaycon chicken came in and boneless skinless chicken breast was $2.99 a pound. We eat a lot of chicken. This is a big savings for us. It was scary buying $76 dollars worth of chicken at one time normally meat purchases are smaller and with other food purchases you do not realize how much you are acutely spending.  

I purchased many fresh fruits for this week. I love fruit yet unfortunately; my children do not like fruit at all. Therefore, I get over ambitious in buying fruit and no one eats it but me and it spoils before I am able to finish it all. I bought strawberries, raspberries, green apples, banana, star fruit, tangerines, and blueberries. I wash all the fruit and cut up my strawberries, and half the banana’s and apples. I placed the strawberries, raspberries, and blueberries on multiple Tupperware lids. When they were frozen I scooped them all up and threw them in a Ziploc bag. Now I can grab a few fruits whenever I want them put thing on top of cereal on in a yogurt parfait, the night before. I made up six smoothie bags; I filled one with strawberries, raspberries, and blueberries. I filled another with strawberries and bananas. I filled another with blueberries and apples.

Yesterday I was eating the homemade granola, found here, for breakfast.

I put canned peaches on top. I only need a few slices and I had a whole can left. Normally the peaches would go straight to the dogs. This time I got out the food processor and blended the peaches with 3 tablespoons of honey, 1 tablespoon of lemon juice, and 2 cups vanilla yogurt. Making myself, an wonderful peach sorbet for an after dinner treat.

This week has had its challenges. I was running late one day and was so hungry after picking up the kids. I took us all to Mc Donald’s $12 spent. I also finished reading a wonder free Kindle book. It was a zombie tale with romance in the middle, a favorite of mine!

I noticed there was a sequel so I purchased the sequel for $3.99.

I bought a $15 replacement kneader bar for my bread machine. I have had a bread machine for six years and have made three loafs of bread. I normally do not buy loaves of bread because our family just does not eat them fast enough. Yet a bread maker makes smaller loaves. Therefore, I excitedly opening my eBay purchase today and tonight I will be making some homemade wheat bread!

Other than that the first zero spend week has been great. Eating breakfast again has given me the energy to focus on house chores a lot longer. I was also able to make some homemade detergent, dishwasher tabs, and Vicks shower tabs, yesterday.

 The recipes.

Embarrassingly Easy Crock Pot Salsa Chicken Thighs
Serves 4
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Prep Time
5 min
Cook Time
5 hr
Prep Time
5 min
Cook Time
5 hr
  1. 1-1/2 lbs lean skinless chicken breasts
  2. 1 cup chunks salsa
  3. 1/4 tsp garlic powder
  4. 3/4 tsp ground cumin
  5. 1 tsp lemon juice
  6. salt, to taste
  1. Throw everything into the crock-pot.
  2. Cook on low.
  3. Shred chicken close to serving time.
Additional Toppings
  1. 4 large tortillas
  2. shredded lettuce
  3. shredded cheddar
  4. sour cream
  5. ranch
  6. salsa
  7. cilantro
  8. onions
Lilith Times http://lilithtimes.info/


Serves 4
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Prep Time
5 min
Prep Time
5 min
  1. 1 (16-oz.) bag frozen peaches or 4 cups fresh peaches, frozen solid
  2. 3 Tablespoons agave nectar or honey
  3. 1/2 cup plain yogurt (non-fat or whole)
  4. 1 Tablespoon fresh lemon juice
  1. Add the frozen peaches, agave nectar (or honey), yogurt and lemon juice to the bowl of a food processor.
  2. Process until creamy, about 5 minutes.
  3. Serve the frozen yogurt immediately or transfer it to an airtight container and store it in the freezer for up to 1 month.
Lilith Times http://lilithtimes.info/
DIY Dishwasher Tablets
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  1. 1 Cup Borax
  2. 1 Cup Arm & Hammer Washing Soda
  3. 1/2 Cup Epsom Salt
  4. 3/4 Cup Lemon Juice
  1. Mix the first 3 ingredients together in a large bowl.
  2. Add the lemon juice and mix thoroughly. You want to get the consistency wet enough to mold, but not too wet that it will fall apart. You may have to add a little more lemon juice to achieve it.
  3. Because they dry pretty quickly, and I have major OCD, I like to place the mixture into 1″ square ice cube trays to make the tablets uniform. {Just don’t fill the ice cube trays up to the top, or the detergent door won’t close on your dishwasher.} I have found that a 1 tablespoon cookie scoop is just the perfect amount to use.
  4. Once you have the DIY dishwasher detergent in the ice cube trays, give the trays a little shake to even out the portions.
  5. Allow the tablets to dry for a few hours and then put them into an airtight container until ready to use.
Lilith Times http://lilithtimes.info/


How to Make Natural Homemade Laundry Detergent
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  1. Washing Soda (Arm and Hammer Brand available at most stores)
  2. Borax (20 Mule Team Borax available at most grocery stores)
  3. Bar Soap (Dr. Bronner’s, Ivory, or other natural, unscented bar soap)
  1. Grate the bar soap or mix in food processor until finely ground. Use the soap of your choice. I personally use Dr. Bronner’s Pure Castille Bar Soap because of its exceptional quality, and because it is available in several different natural scents like lavender, tea tree, peppermint, almond and others.
  2. In a large bowl, mix 2 parts washing soda, 2 parts Borax and 1 part grated soap. (Add a few teaspoons of baking soda if desired).
  3. Store in closed container. I keep mine in quart or half gallon mason jars. If you are using a big enough container, you can skip step 2 and just put all ingredients in storage container or jar and shake.
  4. Use 2 tablespoons per load of laundry.
Lilith Times http://lilithtimes.info/
Homemade "Vicks Vapor shower disks"
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  1. 1 cup Baking soda
  2. 1/3 cup Water
  3. 1 tablespoon olive oil
  4. Essential oils: 15 drops eucalyptus, 15 drops spearmint
  5. -Muffin tin
  1. Mix using enough water to make a thick paste.
  2. You can pour into muffin tins lined with papers, make small balls and set on a plate or put into a silicone ice cube tray or muffin tray.
  3. Let them set for at least 12 hours or overnight to dry.
  4. You can bake them in the oven at 350 degrees for 20 minutes to dry them more quickly.
  5. Remove from papers or silicone trays and store in an airtight container.
  6. When ready to use, place a disc on the floor of your shower and let the water run on it while showering.
Lilith Times http://lilithtimes.info/


Botanical: Croton Eleuteria (J. BENN.)
Family: N.O. Euphorbiaceae
—Synonyms—Sweetwood Bark. Sweet Bark. Bahama Cascarilla. Elutheria. Clutia Eleuteria. Cascarillae Cortex. Cortex Thuris. Aromatic Quinquina. False Quinquina.
—Part Used—The dried bark.
—Habitat—The Bahama Islands.

(Croton Eleuteria)  
—History—The name Croton comes from a Greek word meaning ‘a tick,’ and Eleuteria from the name of one of the Bahama Islands, Eleuthera, near Providence Island.
—Description—It is a small tree rarely reaching 20 feet in height, with scanty, alternate, ovate-lanceolate leaves, averaging 2 inches long, closely-scaled below, giving a metallic silver-bronze appearance, with scattered, white scales above. The flowers are small, with white petals, and very fragrant, appearing in March and April. The scented bark is fissured, and pale yellowish brown. It is imported from Nassau, in New Providence.

The quills of dried bark average 2 inches in length, and 3/8 inch in thickness. They are often furrowed in both directions, so that they appear to be chequered. The outer, thin, corky layer is white, often covered with a fine lichen ( Verrucaria albissima). The second layer is brownish, and sometimes shows through. The bark is hard and compact, breaking with a short, resinous fracture. The taste is nauseating, warm and bitter, and the odour agreeable and aromatic, especially when burned, resembling weak musk, so that it is used in fumigating pastilles, and sometimes mixed with tobacco, though in the latter case some regard it as being liable to cause giddiness and symptoms of intoxication.

The leaves can be infused for a digestive tea, and the bark yields a good, black dye.

—Constituents—There have been found in the bark albumen, tannin, cascar illin (a bitter, crystallizable principle, soluble in alcohol, ether, and hot water), red colouring matter, fatty matter with a sickly odour, volatile oil, gum, wax, resin, starch, pectic acid potassium chloride, a salt of calcium, and lignin.

The oil contains an alcohol, two sesquiterpenes, a free acid consisting of liquid cascarillic acid and a mixture of solid palmitic and stearic acids, eugenol, a terpene (differing from pinene), cymene, and possibly some l-limonene. Betaine has also been found.

—Medicinal Action and Uses—An aromatic, bitter tonic, with possibly narcotic properties. It is used in dyspepsia, intermittent and low fevers, diarrhoea and dysentery. It is a stimulant to mucous membranes, and in chronic bronchitis is used as an expectorant; while it is valuable in atonia dyspepsia, flatulence, chronic diarrhcea, nocturnal pollutions, debility and convalescence. Added to cinchona, it will arrest vomiting caused by that drug.

—Dosages—Of Cascarilla powdered Bark, 20 to 30 grains. Of Infusum Cascarillae (B.P. 1 OZ. to 1/2 pint), 1 to 2 fluid ounces. Of Tinctura Cascarillae, 1/2 to 2 fluid drachms. Of fluid extract, 1/2 to 1 fluid drachm. Tincture, B.P. 1/2 to 1 drachm.

—Other Species—
Cascarilla is also the name of Quina morada, the bark of Pogonopus febrifugus, used in the Argentine Republic as a substitute for cinchona bark. An alkaloid, Moradeine, and a blue fluorescent substance, Moradin, have been separated from it.

Croton Cascarilla, the Wild Rosemary of the West Indies, was at first thought to be the source of the Cascarilla of commerce.

C. Pseudo-China, or Copalchi Bark, of Mexico, also known as Copalche Bark or C. niveus, resembles C. Eleuteria so closely that it can be mistaken for it. It is used in the same way. A second variety, more bitter, may be a product of C. suberosus.

It has also been mistaken for a variety of cinchona.

C. micans is thought to have similar properties.

White, red, and black Cascarillas are also found in commerce, differing in form and properties, but these are other names for varieties of quinquina.


by Micha F. Lindemans

On of the most popular and mysterious goddesses of the Roman pantheon. Vesta is the goddess of the hearth, equated with the Greek Hestia. There is not much known of her origin, except that she was at first only worshipped in Roman homes, a personal cult. Her cult eventually evolved to a state cult.
One myth tells that her service was set up by king Numa Pompilius (715-673 BCE). In her temple on the Palatine Hill, the sacred fire of the Roman state burned, which was maintained by the Vestal Virgins. At the start of the new Roman year, March 1, the fire was renewed. The sacred fire burned until 394 CE. Vesta’s temple was situated on the Forum Romanum and was built in the third century BCE. None of her temples, however, contained a statue of the goddess. Her festival is the Vestalia, which was observed from June 7 – 15. On the first day of this festival, the ‘penus Vestae’, the inner sanctum of the Vesta temple which was kept closed the entire year, was opened for women who came to bring offerings bare-footed. The temple was ritually cleansed on the last day.
The ass is Vesta’s sacred animal, whose braying supposedly kept the lascivious Priapus away. Vesta is portrayed as a stern woman, wearing a long dress and with her head covered. Her right hand rests against her side and in her left hand she holds a scepter.

Article created on 03 March 1997; last modified on 20 February 2002.
© 1995-2004 Encyclopedia Mythica. All rights reserved.

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